Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and the European Commission have tabled the official ratification documents with the SECRETARy-general of the United Nations, who is the custodian of the agreement. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to prevent dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and by making efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change and to assist them in their efforts. While strengthening CNN`s ambitions is an important objective of the global inventory, efforts beyond mitigation are evaluated. The five-year revisions will also assess adaptation, climate change provisions, and technology development and transfer.  We are still the leaders to participate in international climate discussions. World heads of state and government conclude important details of the Paris Agreement, including how countries will report on progress towards their climate goals and launch a process to launch a new round of targets by 2020. If the United States clashes with other countries at the next United Nations climate change conference in Glasgow next November, the emissions reduction target is expected to be even more ambitious than the Obama era. Many countries have stated in their INDCs that they intend to use some form of international emissions trading scheme to implement their contributions. In order to ensure the environmental integrity of these transactions, the agreement requires the parties to respect accounting practices and to avoid double counting of “mitigation results transferred internationally.” In addition, the agreement will create a new mechanism that would help contain and support sustainable development and could produce or certify negotiable emission units according to its design. Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane are gases that accumulate in the atmosphere and prevent radiation from the Earth`s surface to space, creating what is called the greenhouse effect.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the main international panel on this issue, the concentration of these thermal gases has increased significantly since pre-industrial times and has not been observed for at least 800,000 years. Carbon dioxide (the main cause of climate change) has increased by 40 per cent, nitrous oxide by 20 per cent and methane by 150 per cent since 1750, mainly due to the burning of dirty fossil fuels. The IPCC says it is “extremely likely” that these emissions have been primarily responsible for the rise in global temperatures since the 1950s. Meanwhile, deforestation and forest degradation have also contributed to their fair share of global carbon emissions. The UNFCCC, adopted in 1992, is a government-to-government treaty that provides a basis for the global climate effort. The convention, which enjoys almost universal support, was ratified by the United States with the Council and the approval of the Senate.